It turns out that all the pandas in the world are Chinese property!
The cute and adorable panda animal turns out to be legally claimed to belong to the Chinese state, you know. Even panda cubs born in any part of the world belong to China and will usually be returned to China to continue the captive program. Panda status 'loan' to 26 zoos in 18 countries.
Panda is a tool of China's diplomacy
China legally claims panda animals and one of the concrete steps, authorities in southwest China set up a special court to protect the giant panda.
China's first Giant Panda National Park Court was inaugurated on Friday 3 July 2020 at Wolong National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province.
In the 1970s Panda was used as a diplomatic tool by China. For example, borrowing a giant panda to zoos in the United States and Japan that year.
Stopped in 1984, pandas are no longer used as a tool of diplomacy. China has also started offering pandas to other countries for loans for a maximum of 15 years. The terms of the loan also have a special rate regulated, the rate is up to 1,000,000 USD per year. There are still conditions that apply, children born during the loan are the property of the Chinese state.
It is unlikely that pandas breed outside their habitat
Although panda cubs born during the loan period will be proclaimed as Chinese property, in fact it is difficult for panda animals to breed in captivity and zoos.
As reported by bbc.com, an interview with panda expert from the Smithsonian Institute, Bill McShea, said that pandas in the wild have fewer problems when it comes to mating or breeding. Which means it's less likely that panda mates can breed outside their natural habitat.
Means of consolidation of trade relations
China's strict protection of pandas also has great meaning for the bamboo curtain nation.
One of the strategic goals is to improve China's self-image in the eyes of the world and to consolidate trade relations. For example, in 2017, the new panda enclosure at the Tierpark Berlin zoo opened shortly before the G20 summit in Hamburg.
The opening was even attended by important figures from the two countries, namely German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
The event was translated as a signal of China's support for Germany as a competitor to the United States in terms of leadership in the western world. This furry animal that we are familiar with turns out to have an important role for its country of origin.