The last 5 countries that embrace the ideology of communism in the world
As we know that communism is one of the ideas that was banned in Indonesia since several decades ago. Communism itself is an ideology that developed rapidly in the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union broke up into several states in the early 1990s and some of these countries began to change their state ideology.
Communists and communism are two different things. Communists are countries or organizations that are adherents of communism. On the other hand, communism is an understanding or ideology in the political field that adheres to the teachings of Karl Marx which wants to abolish individual property rights and replace them with common property rights, precisely controlled by the state or government.
It turns out that there are still some countries that adhere to the ideology of communism in this world. Which country do you think? Here are the last 5 countries that embrace the ideology of communism in the world.
It is no secret that China is one of the countries that adheres to the ideology of communism. Since Mao Zedong took over the throne of the country's leadership in 1949, he immediately said that China is a communist country. China itself also has the largest communist party in the world, namely the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Even though it still adheres to communism, the Chinese government is one of the countries that is aggressively opening the tap for foreign investors to invest. Indeed, in terms of the economy, China itself is currently very open to various countries, including Indonesia. Several countries in Asia and Africa are currently China's close economic colleagues.
Cuba is the only communist country in Latin America today. The revolution led by Fedel Castro in 1953 made the country very close to the Soviet Union, which had the ideology of communism. This certainly makes Cuba have to accept sanctions from the United States in the form of a ban on trading commodities to the country.
Cuba's relations with the United States had improved during the leadership of Barack Obama with the opening of opportunities for international trade cooperation between the two countries. Unfortunately, during the Donald Trump administration, trade cooperation between the two countries has declined.
Laos is one of the most vulnerable countries in terms of economy. Historically, Laos itself became a communist country in 1975 and ended the monarchy there. The revolution in Laos at that time was believed to have involved the Soviet Union and Vietnam, so the ideology there was also the same as the two countries.
Even so, in 1988, Laos itself had begun to open up in terms of the economy. This can be seen from the start of allowing the community to own some of the existing resources. Even so, until now Laos is still struggling to get out of the abyss of poverty, which can be said to be high.
4. North Korea
North Korea is one of the most closed countries in the world. This is inseparable from the ideology that the country adheres to, namely communism. Historically, after being occupied by Japan in World War II, Korea was dominated by 2 influences, namely Russia in the north and the United States in the south.
The area influenced by these two countries is the forerunner of two countries in the Korean region, namely North Korea and South Korea. Even so, North Korea itself does not actually admit that their country adheres to the ideology of communism, but juche. The juche ideology is an ideology developed by Kim Il-Sung that puts forward economic independence and independence in politics and the military.
Apart from Laos, another Southeast Asian country that adheres to the ideology of communism is Vietnam. As a result of the Vietnam War which began in 1954, Vietnam itself was also influenced by 2 dominant foreign powers, namely the Soviet Union and the United States. North Vietnam was influenced by the Soviet Union with the ideology of communism and South Vietnam was influenced by the United States which had a liberal ideology.
After 2 decades apart, North Vietnam and South Vietnam decided to unite in 1976 by promoting the ideology of communism. However, in terms of economy, Vietnam is one of the most open countries in Southeast Asia.
Well, those are the last 5 countries that embrace the ideology of communism. Some of the above countries are also known to be open in terms of the economy. In addition, there are also several countries that put forward socialist ideology, such as Portugal and Tanzania.